Course Content
Introduction to Plumbing
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Plumbing Theory
About Lesson

Water supply systems are an essential component of any plumbing system. In this lesson, we will cover the basics of water supply systems, including the different types of water supply systems, how they work, and their components.

Types of Water Supply Systems: There are three main types of water supply systems: direct, indirect, and combined. Direct water supply systems supply water directly to the plumbing fixtures from the mains. Indirect water supply systems supply water to a storage tank, which then supplies the plumbing fixtures. Combined water supply systems are a combination of both direct and indirect systems.

Components of Water Supply Systems: Water supply systems have several components, including:

  1. Water mains: Water mains are the large pipes that supply water to buildings from the water treatment plant.

  2. Storage tanks: Storage tanks are used in indirect and combined water supply systems to store water for later use.

  3. Pumps: Pumps are used in water supply systems to increase water pressure and to move water from one location to another.

  4. Valves: Valves are used in water supply systems to control the flow of water.

  5. Backflow preventers: Backflow preventers are used to prevent contaminated water from flowing back into the water supply.

How Water Supply Systems Work: Water supply systems work by supplying water from the water treatment plant to the plumbing fixtures in a building. In direct water supply systems, the water flows directly from the mains to the plumbing fixtures. In indirect and combined water supply systems, the water is first stored in a storage tank before being supplied to the plumbing fixtures. Pumps are used to increase water pressure and to move water from one location to another.

Water Supply System Maintenance: Proper maintenance of water supply systems is critical to ensuring that they function properly. Maintenance includes regular inspection of pipes, valves, pumps, and backflow preventers to ensure that they are in good working order. Regular cleaning of storage tanks is also necessary to prevent the buildup of sediment and bacteria.

Conclusion: In conclusion, water supply systems are an essential component of any plumbing system. There are three main types of water supply systems: direct, indirect, and combined. Water supply systems have several components, including water mains, storage tanks, pumps, valves, and backflow preventers. Proper maintenance of water supply systems is critical to ensuring that they function properly and to prevent the spread of disease and contamination of water supplies.

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